The EU approach to the adoption of GMI
and the Greek case
Constantine D. GEORMAS
PhD in Sociology
This study will follow four steps. Firstly there will be a short discussion of the developments in the field of social protection and the variations of the idea of a basic income. This is necessary in order to establish a framework within which the debate on the minimum guaranteed income. The second step is to outline the implementation of the institution of GMI in Europe. The third step is the European Union's approach to the minimum guaranteed income. It is essential because, as has been pointed out "The knowledge and assimilation of transnational social policies is now necessary condition for designing and implementing social policy programmes at the national level" (Sakellaropoulos, 2001.15). Especially when that organization is the European Union. The forth step is the reaction of the Greek state in the European constitution Finally, the fifth step provides a description of the requirements and the process for the introduction of guaranteed minimum income in Greece.
1. Poverty and social exclusion, and a guaranteed minimum income
Modern societies, although abundant societies face the paradox of the persistence of poverty and social exclusion. The hitherto existing resources and social policy measures and have significant results in reducing these phenomena, they can not eliminate them. Suffice it to say that even the most efficient countries of Europe in the fight against poverty have rates of nearly 12% (Denmark and Sweden). Across the European Union the risk of poverty is 17% with Greece reaches 20% (Eurostat-2007).